Albero Secolare “Celtic Australis” il bagolaro

albero secolare il bagolaro


Within our property you can admire a magnificent “Celtic Australis” Tree, otherwise known as “Bagolaro – Spaccasassi”, in all its splendor.
An age-old plant of approximately 413 years, majestic thanks to its foliage with a circumference of 84 meters and a stem of 7 meters in diameter and 7 meters high.
But much more than data, the photos really give the idea of how beautiful and impressive this Bagolaro is.
A unique plant throughout Veneto and perhaps in Italy (inserted right between secular plants of national interest and protection).

Height: 27.5 meters  

Age: 413 years approximately      

Trunk circumference: 7 meters            

Foliage: 84 meters

The Bagolaro of Villa Sandi in Nogarè

In occasion of the 10,000 steps of 28/09/2014  by Pasqualino Venturin

It is not possible to tell the trisecular story of this vegetable patriarch, Vettor or Vittore Sandi, a lawyer of Feltrine origin, was born in Venice in 1635, from a wealthy but not aristocratic family. A title he’ll acquire in 1685 with the ascription into Venetian nobility.The villa was born as an agricultural patronal house.The date of its construction should be pushed from 1622 to 1675 as Att. Sandi, commissioner of said villa in 1622, was not yet born at that time.Also false is the attribution of the designs to re-known architect Andrea Pagnossin, as there has been a documented bad times void for approximately sixty years.That’s why its construction date must be pushed from 1622 to the date of ending of construction works in 1679, with proof being that Att. Sandi asks for water in order to hydrate his properties to the entity Brentella in 168.. and after that for concession for building a grinding windmill in Prentella itself.
Who knows if the idea of growing a tree on this moderate uphill had come from the landlord or the master-builder (geometer) which could interpret designs, the Treviso-born Zuanbattista Zambianchi, or from the site’s carpenter Zorzi Marangon (Giorgio falagname, i.e. carpenter).Or maybe the idea was given by one of the Feltrine master stone-cutters, or maybe by the scalpels of Val Cavasia, or still by the Castellan wall-building expert workers. Or from the idea of the modest wall builders from Prantighe (Ciano) Filippo Conte and Battista Carlin.The wall builders were called masters in order to distinguish them from simple workers.These were all chosen masters which contributed into the Villa’s construction. Planting of this tree on this artificial hill made sense.

This area precisely marked half of the Villa, and in the half of the east field delineated by the confine wall, a celtis-australis was planted, a rather sought-after plant, originating from the middle east and northern Africa.At the time Venetian nobility raced in contending trees coming from exotic latitudes in order to decorate their gardens.This tree has been planted in this area since, while growing, from the top one could easily observe and control the surrounding countryside, and divagate from the Montello to the Piave.The celtis-australis is an erect-trunk ornamental tree, commonly called bagolaro in Italy and lotus tree in northern Africa, and can reach 25 meters in height.
The short and robust trunk is characterized in adulthood by powerful ribs, the primary branches are very large, while the secondary ones tend to pendulity. Its dense and expanded foliage is almost perfectly circular. Leafs are rough on the upper part, intricated and tormented in the lower side, flowers are reunited in small grapes.Flowering takes place between April and May, the fruits are sub-spheres of light yellow-green color which, ripening, become dark. They have an extremely sweet flavor with little pulp.The bagolaro is also considered a stone-breaker due to its mighty radical structure that makes it able to survive even in slim, karst and stony soil. This vegetable mine is also called romiglia, piroler, pisoera, besolera, schieson, piroer, bagoer, sgiasener.The bagolaro name derives from the ancient Venetian bagola or berry. In the past, the poorest families used the hard nuts of these fruits for creating Rosaries.
Now something colorful.

My father, when he was a kid in between the twenties of this past Century, during the long summer afternoons, together with other friends from Ciano, used to trespassed the guarding wall of the Villa in order to replenish themselves with sweet drupes.This specimen is 27 meters and a half high, circumference of the stem is 7 meters, and that of the hairpin is 84 meters. Age 413 years? I reckon one hundred years less. These researches of mine should be compared to those made by Mrs Francesca Bolzonello, student, niece of Mr Emilio Bolzonello, owner of this area, which we thank for his eagerness in hosting us.
Now I’ll conclude with a thought.Already in very ancient times, the tree is seen as loaded with positive symbols which reflect themselves of vital forces. This goes also collectively, when many trees make a forest, a vegetable labyrinth which suck carbon dioxide, giving us oxygen back.We ourselves can say that the tree acts as a vegetable monument, historic, isolated and solemn. if not starting from the construction of Villa Sandi.

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